Parliament’s composition

The Danish Parliament (the Folketing) is composed of 179 MPs belonging to 12 different parties. There are 23 standing committees in which the MPs discuss the decisions to be made in the Chamber.


Representing Denmark 

The Danish Parliament comprises 179 Members, who are elected by the public at general elections that must be held at least every four years.

Politicians who are elected to the Parliament are representative of the entire Danish population in terms of geography, occupation and age. The composition of the Parliament has changed considerably over the years. There are more female MPs and young MPs than previously. Many MPs have an academic background while others are farmers, craftsmen, schoolteachers or self-employed. 

Bound by convictions

According to the Constitutional Act, MPs are bound solely by their convictions and not by directions from their electors. In principle, MPs are thus independent and are not obliged to conform to what their parties or their electors say. Normally, however, MPs toe the party line. Even though by far the majority of MPs are organised in party groups, this is not a requirement. MPs who are not members of a party group are called independents. 

Of the 179 Members of Parliament (MPs), 175 are elected in Denmark, 2 are elected in the Faeroes and 2 in Greenland. Together with Denmark, the Faeroes and Greenland constitute the Unity of the Realm, and by an amendment of the Constitutional Act in 1953, they were each given two seats in the Danish Parliament.

To be elected

In order to be elected to the Danish Parliament, candidates must first of all be eligible to vote at general elections, that is, they must be Danish citizens, have permanent residence in the realm and be at least 18 years of age. Furthermore, a candidate must not have been convicted of an act that, in the general opinion, makes him or her unworthy to be a Member of Parliament.


All MPs receive remuneration for their work. The amount is laid down in the Parliamentary Election Act of Denmark. 

The Danish Parliament has 25 standing committees with up to 29 members each.

The committees primarily discuss the Bills and proposals for parliamentary resolutions introduced in the Chamber. However, they also exercise control of the Government by asking questions to Ministers about their administration of existing laws.

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